GLOBAL CULTURAL HERITAGE (16:082:530, Index: 13867)
Prof. Harvey (Wed 1:00 – 3:40, VH001)
The goal of this seminar is to examine current threats to cultural property worldwide, and to assess international and national initiatives being taken to protect our global cultural heritage. Threats to works of art, monuments, and sites have increased exponentially in the last decades. War and ethnic conflict have led to wanton destruction of monuments as diverse as the Bamiyan Buddhas and the Mostar bridge, and to the destruction or dispersal of works of art from museums, monuments, and sites in Iraq, Afghanistan, and beyond. The commoditization of art and the booming global art market have led to a global increase in theft and looting of monuments, sites, and religious and secular institutions. Museums, long believed to be sacrosanct, have come under scrutiny regarding policies of restitution regarding works of art confiscated in WW II, and for alleged participation in the illegal art market.
Issues we will examine include: Who Owns the Past?; Cultural Heritage as Commodity; The Legal and Illegal Market in Historic Material; the Ethics of Collecting; Restitution-WW II and beyond; Cultural Tourism-the Good, the Bad, and the Ugly; International and National approaches to Cultural Heritage Management and Protection; Philosophy and Practice in Conservation and Preservation.
This is an interdisciplinary graduate seminar. Qualified graduate students from other disciplines are welcome to apply. Limit 15 students.
INTERNSHIP CULTURAL HERITAGE/HISTORIC PRESERVATION (16:082:590, Index: 06546)
by Arrangement – Special permission required
STUDIES IN CHAPS: CULTURE, PRESERVATION, AND POLITICS IN THE MIDDLE EAST (16:082:593, Index: 13864)
Prof. Kahlaoui (Wed 4:30 – 7:30, VH001)
The Middle East is one of the richest archeological regions in the world. Yet, ironically, military conflicts aimed at establishing stability in the area have contributed to the deterioration of cultural artifacts and sites at an alarming rate. Military action, political indifference, and a vacuum of knowledge – linguistic, artistic, political, and cultural – have endangered the possibilities for preserving the essence of Middle Eastern art and archaeology and the roots of western European tradition. This course is about war and cultural heritage, politics and preservation as the new realities of our future. This course begins with a review of similar situations of war and art, from Napoleon to World War II and Vietnam ("we had to destroy it in order to save it"). Our work then moves quickly to a discussion of Middle Eastern art and archaeology, including the sack of the Iraq museum in Baghdad and the looting of sites in the countryside throughout the region. Half of the course is devoted to understanding both the art and archaeology of the region, and the other half is devoted to tracing their fate and their future under the challenge of present circumstances. This course will answer two questions. The first is: what do we need to know about the art history of Egypt, Iraq, Iran, Syria, and Afghanistan? The second is: what are the threats to its survival for future generations? The course targets art history and CHAPS students. It will emphasize both visual approaches and preservation practices, and their relation to the respective social environments. Requirements will include informal discussion of common readings, oral reports on specific issues, and a 15-page research paper.
STUDIES IN CHAPS: Architectural Conservation: A Sustainable Approach (16:082:594, Index: 16311)
Prof. Hewitt (Wed. 9:50-12:50, ZAM-EDR)
This course is an introduction to what we generally call architectural preservation, accounting for the history of the field over the centuries, the theories that have guided the development of the field, and the directions that conservation takes in current practice. Serious attention will be given to a sustainable approach to architecture, in keeping with economic, social, and practical requirements of contemporary life. The course material will consist of readings, discussion, lecture, and some site visits if they can be accommodated by the instructor. The textbook will be John Stubbs, "Time Honored: A Global View of Architectural Conservation," 2009. The instructor is the author of three scholarly books on the American country house, the architecture of Carrere and Hastings, and Gustave Stickley‘s Craftsman Farms, and many other publications. He is an architect with a busy practice that includes original designs and preservation projects.
ADVANCED TOPICS CHAPS: Law, Public Policy and Ethics of Cultural Heritage Preservation (16:082:603, Index: 13865)
Prof. Jacob (Tues 4:30-7:30, VH001)
The first section of this course is designed to acquaint graduate students with laws applicable to art in general, such as legal rights of artists, legal status of museums as institutions and fiduciary obligations of museum trustees, legal obligations of dealers, auction houses and art merchants, and rights of private parties as owners of art. Art management and museum work are replete with these everyday issues. The second section of the course will center on consideration of cultural property in wartime embodied in the Holocaust Survivors Act, the 1970 UNESCO Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property and its implementing United States legislation, and national patrimony laws. These have shifted the focus of cultural heritage preservation, creating a new area of study reflected in case law, which borrows from concepts studied in the first section of the course. The third section of the course will deal with legal responses within the United States arising out of concerns of cultural heritage, such as the Native Americans Graves Repatriation Act, and national and local historic preservation laws. The course will consider both the difficulty of promulgating uniform ethical codes, and the problems of translating public policy into viable, workable sets of legal standards. This course is designed for those pursuing a Master's Degree in Cultural Heritage Preservation, as well as those graduate students pursuing a Certificate in Museum Studies. A series of short papers on assigned topics, two quizzes, and a long paper of the student's choosing will be required.
CULTURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT (01:070:393 index 18604)
Katharine Woodhouse-Beyer (Wednesdays 7:15-10:05 PM, Hickman 210, Douglass/Cook Campus)
Cultural resource management (“CRM”) is an interdisciplinary and professional discipline whose practitioners utilize a combination of historical, architectural, and archaeological investigations in compliance with federal, state and local regulations requiring the identification, preservation, and/or mitigation of cultural resources. Cultural resource management specialists emerge at the front lines of negotiation between the past and the present as the U.S. government and its many communities must carefully balance a concern for the preservation of cultural resources alongside the growing need for construction, maintenance, and development projects. It has been estimated that over half of the archaeologists within the U.S. work within CRM and that over 90% of the archaeological investigations conducted in the US are CRM projects. The course introduces students to the history and evolution of cultural resource management and legislation relating to archaeological resources in the U.S. from the early 20th century onwards, discusses methods of identifying and evaluating archaeological sites within a cultural resource management framework, provides guidance on basic skills of project planning, management, and client communications, and explores a wide variety of topical issues and case studies concerning the status of cultural resource management as a professional field wrestling with many of the cultural, social, and economic challenges of the 21st century.
707,708 Research in Cultural Heritage/Historic Preservation (BA,BA) Directed research by students composing master's theses.
STUDIES IN CHAPS: Nationalism, Cosmopolitanism, and Contested Cultural Heritage
This course examines how nationalism and cosmopolitanism frame debates about ownership, universalism, and the display of cultural heritage. Contemporary debates about cultural heritage are often divided into competing “national” or “cosmopolitan” perspectives. What do these terms mean? How are they employed? What are their political and ethical consequences? What import do they have upon the future of museums and collections? This seminar will give students the opportunity to understand how museum practitioners, art historians, anthropologists, and archaeologists have conceived of their professional and moral responsibilities to local constituencies, political structures, and universal ideals. Our aim is to understand how ideas like “nationalism” and “cosmopolitanism” are related to each other, and the stakes they represent in a global debate that touches upon every dimension of museum policy and curation. Students will engage a series of critical readings that frame the contemporary arguments about the disposition of art, heritage, and cultural property. Seminar participants will have the opportunity to apply seminar discussions to their own area of interest and expertise.
STUDIES IN CHAPS: Studio in Preservation: The Cemetery at First Reformed Church, New Brunswick, New Jersey
Christine Miller Cruiess
This studio focuses on four major concepts: background research, writing historical narratives, inventory of significant elements in the cemetery, and a conditions assessment of the grave markers in the cemeteries. The goal of the course is to provide students with real-world experience in utilizing archives and local repositories for background research and writing background histories for sites and individuals. The students will research the design (including carvers/artists) and iconography of the grave markers in the cemetery. For the final focus area, lectures will focus on architectural conservation as it pertains to the materials found within the cemetery. Finally, the studio will culminate in the design and pilot implementation of a survey of the cemetery. The pilot survey will record current photography, art historical information, biographical information, conditions of grave markers, and treatment recommendations. The studio course will be followed by a summer field school open to students who have completed the studio.
STUDIES IN CHAPS: Native American Art, Cultural Heritage, and Cultural Preservation
Dr. Katharine Woodhouse-Beyer
This course employs an art historical and anthropological approach to the study of Native American visual art and the way in which indigenous material culture creatively, and actively, functions within the context of cultural heritage and cultural preservation. Coursework will include such topics as representations of and by Native Americans from the late 15th century to the modern time, the social, religious and political contexts of Native American art and visual culture in selected regions and critical points in history, the appropriation and commoditization of Native American art from the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Native American artists of the 20th and 21st centuries, and the role of archaeology and visual art in cultural heritage preservation.
Studio in Historic Preservation: Cemetery at First Reformed Church, New Brunswick, New Jersey
Christine Miller Cruiess
The summer field school follows a studio course offered in the spring semester which focused on background research, historical narratives, inventory of significant elements of the cemetery, and a conditions assessment of the markers in the cemetery. The field school will be divided into two sections. The first will focus on a full-scale implementation of the survey of the cemetery and creating a database for the cemetery that incorporates the photography and data collected during the studio. The second will focus on a pilot program to implement sample treatment recommendations within the cemetery. The field school will fill internship/field study requirements for CHAPS students.
Preserving the Past for the Future: Athens 2010 and Beyond
Dr. Ann Brysbaert
The program is a partnership between Rutgers University's Art History Dept. & Study Abroad Program, and The International Center for Hellenic & Mediterranen Studies (DIKEMES), Athens. All students will pursue a common curriculum of modules on core content themes (e.g., “Excavating the Athens Subway & Historic Preservation,” “The Parthenon Marbles & the New Acropolis Museum,” “Rebuilding the Neoclassical,” “Coping with Earthquake Damage on Byzantine Monuments in Thessaloniki,” “Preserving and Reusing the Ottoman Architectural Legacy,” “Identifying and Preserving Underwater Heritage,” “The Tourist Economy & Archaeology,” etc.). Top local experts and professionals will provide instruction and workshops connected with the modules. Graduate students will pursue additional internships or field study opportunities in museums, workshops, and other suitable sites, affording them first-hand experience of how Greek professionals in cultural heritage preservation approach their challenges and objectives.